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   Table of Contents - Current issue
April-June 2018
Volume 3 | Issue 2
Page Nos. 65-73

Online since Thursday, July 12, 2018

Accessed 1,748 times.

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Role of current strategies for preventing xerostomia in oropharyngeal cancer patients: A literature review p. 65
Muhammad Rizwan Nazeer, Shizrah Jamal, Surhan Aziz, Robia Ghafoor
Xerostomia occurring as sequelae of radiation therapy results in oral complications, i.e., acid erosion, dysphagia, dysgeusia, periodontal diseases, taste disturbance, and dental caries. The best strategy should be to prevent damage of any salivary acini during the course of radiotherapy; therefore, we planned to look for all the strategies for its prevention. We searched PubMed, Google Scholar, and Oral and Dentistry database thoroughly and included all the relevant articles published in the past 12 years (2005–2017). We found the following strategies for the prevention of xerostomia during radiation therapy: amifostine, pilocarpine, Vitamin C, and Vitamin E, acupuncture, bethanechol, botulism toxin, histamine, insulin growth factor, submandibular gland transfer, intensity-modulated radiation therapy, radiation stents, stem cell transplantation, intravenous injection of adipose stem cells, lasers, and lidocaine HCL. These preventive methods not only maintain the morphology and function of salivary glands but also reduces the need for saliva-enhancing therapies later.
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Giant neck cyst not only a surgical concern p. 71
Gabriel Alejandro Molina, Cristhian Ramiro García, Diego Xavier De La Torre, Daniela Alexandra Gonzalez
Epidermoid cysts are slow-growing, usually benign lesions that derive from an abnormally located ectodermal tissue. Epidermoid cysts can appear anywhere on the body; they are usually small and frequently asymptomatic. Giant cysts are rare, with few cases ever described. We report a case of a 66-year-old male, with a giant mass in the neck that developed over the last 10 years. Due to geographic limitations and lack of access to health care, he allowed the mass to grow to giant proportions. Surgical treatment was decided, and the patient underwent full recovery. Giant epidermoid neck cyst was the final diagnosis.
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